“2022 National Survey on LGBTQ Youth Mental Health.” The Trevor Project, Accessed 8 Sept. 2022.

Brayboy, Duane. “Two Spirits, One Heart, Five Genders.” ICT News, 13 Sept. 2018,

Celebrating Pride Month at the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology: 2. Ethnographic Photograph Collections and Other Gendered Stories | Maxwell Museum. Accessed 28 Feb. 2023.

Elm et al. – 2016 – “I’m in This World for a Reason” Resilience and r.Pdf | My Library | Zotero. Accessed 23 Feb. 2023.

Elm, Jessica H. L., et al. “‘I’m in This World for a Reason’: Resilience and Recovery among American Indian and Alaska Native Two-Spirit Women.” Journal of Lesbian Studies, vol. 20, no. 3–4, Oct. 2016, pp. 352–71. (Crossref),

Estrada, Gabriel. “Two Spirits, Nádleeh, and LGBTQ2 Navajo Gaze.” American Indian Culture and Research Journal, vol. 35, no. 4, Jan. 2011, pp. 167–90. (Crossref),

Jennifer Nez Denetdale. “Securing Navajo National Boundaries: War, Patriotism, Tradition, and the Diné Marriage Act of 2005.” Wicazo Sa Review, vol. 24, no. 2, 2009, pp. 131–48. (Crossref),

Leavell, Jeff. “The Death of Stephanie Yellowhair and the Resilience of the Queer Spirit.” Vice, 6 Apr. 2018,

“Navajo Women Make Historic Gains in Elections, Increase Influence on Tribal Council.” Arizona Republic, Accessed 15 Dec. 2022.

Nez, Jason, and Dine Archaeologist. Dine Doo Bidaa Hastii, Navajo and the Grand Canyon.

PERSPECTIVEJan. 7, Jolene Yazzie, and 2020From the print edition LIKE TWEET EMAIL PRINT. Why Are Diné LGBTQ+ and Two Spirit People Being Denied Access to Ceremony? 7 Jan. 2020,

Shotwell, Alexis. Against Purity: Living Ethically in Compromised Times. University of Minnesota Press, 2016.


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